In conclusion, the multi-colored nation of South Africa is said to support Christianity as the primary belief system. No single denomination predominates, with mainstream Protestant churches, Pentecostal churches, African initiated churches, and the Catholic Church all having significant numbers of adherents. Religion in Africa is multifaceted and has been a major influence on art, culture and philosophy. In South Africa the constitution protects freedom of religion. By Benjamin Elisha Sawe on April 25 2017 in Society. Christianity is the primary belief system in South Africa, with Protestantism being the largest denomination. South African Statistics on Religion – The Numbers ... published by Statistics South Africa for 2015. A minority of South African population does not belong to any of the major religions, but regard themselves as traditionalists or of no specific religious affiliation. Population: Approximately 100 million, or 10 percent of Africa’s population. However, Jewish settlers only began to arrive in numbers from the 1820s. In the infant years, the church ran by the doctrines of the Christian Catholic Church based on Zion, Illinois. One of the SALRC's other new projects, the review of witchcraft legislation, will support the constitutional guarantee to freedom of religion, but will also serve to protect vulnerable groups. See also: Religion (all countries) | Ananzi - Religion South Africa | Online - Religion Africa Inter Mennonite Mission Organized as the Congo Inland Mission in 1912. This was reinforced by the arrival of the French Huguenots shortly thereafter. The belief was introduced in the early 1916 under the guidance of Engenas Lekganyane, a once evangelical student of the Anglican system. However, it is less dominant in the black community who identify themselves with the Zion Christian faith. The data comes from the Pew Research Center and it shows that Christians make up 50.9% of Africa’s population, followed by Muslims at 43.3% and others with 5.8%. Protestantism is the primary belief system in South Africa with 36% of the total population. Kumar (2012), Hinduism in South Africa, in Elias Kifon Bongmba (Editor) - The Wiley Blackwell Companion to African Religions, Southern African Catholic Bishops Conference, Commission for the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Cultural, Religious and Linguistic Communities, "History of the Baháʼí Faith in South Africa", "QuickLists: Most Baha'i (sic) Nations (2010)", "Table: Census 2001 by province, gender, religion recode (derived) and population group", "Census 2011 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)", "Believers in Christ from a Muslim Background: A Global Census", http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1107&context=totem, "South Africa - Section I. However, other religions are protected by the constitution. Early Hindu settlements in South Africa suffered discrimination, abuse and persecution. , Post-apartheid South Africa's Constitution guarantees the right to freedom of religion, belief and opinion among other freedoms. Judaism came about when the Jewish astronomers and cartographers came to South Africa. Botha felt Israel had betrayed him", "World Jewish Population - Latest Statistics", "Chapter 9 – State institutions supporting constitutional democracy", "Investigation and Conflict Resolution (ICR)", "Current Investigations: Progress Report; Project 135: Review of witchcraft legislation", "South African Law Reform Commission Thirty Eighth Annual Report 2010/2011", "crl rights commission continues with the consultative community hearings on the possible review of public holidays", Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Religion_in_South_Africa&oldid=993199734, Articles with dead external links from January 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from June 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Religion in South Africa (2016 Community Survey). Economic immigrants from India and Pakistan also contributed to the Muslim community before the end of apartheid. Some religions are based in ethnic and regional areas of South Africa's population. South Africa Religion, Economy and Politics In terms of religions across the population, 81.2% of South Africans identify with a Christian based faith, 3.7% identify with other faiths, and 15% are not affiliated with any faith in particular. Everyone is free to follow whatever faith they want to, or not to follow one at all. Later each of the constituent countries successively formed their own independent Baháʼí National Spiritual Assembly. This represented an increased from 79.8% reported in the 2001 census. The largest Protestant denomination in the country is Pentecostalism, followed by Methodism, Dutch Reformed and Anglicanism. Les religions pratiquées en Afrique du sud. Indicateurs de Base. , The history of the Jews in South Africa mainly began under the British Empire, following a general pattern of increased European settlement in the 19th century. Today the church, as opposed to the mainstream European churches, combines the aspects of African traditions with the values of Christianity. Many religions are represented in the ethnic and regional diversity of the population. Religion in South Africa is dominated by various branches of Christianity. Fertility in South Africa. Currently, there are 3.8 million Catholics. The Indians who worked as laborers in the settlements introduced Hinduism and now forms 1.2% of the total population in the country. Other major religious groups are Hindus, Muslims and Jews. Since its introduction in 1652 by the settlers, the system has gained popularity and has a majority following. Secularism and atheism > Population considering religion important : Percentage of population surveyed in a Gallup Poll who answered the question “Is religion important in your daily life?” with “yes”. Today the church embraces the teachings embedded in the life and resurrection of Christ and 3.8% of the population in the country subscribe to this religion. The Zion Faith is the religion of the black people in South Africa. The CRL Rights Commission stated that they would submit their recommendations to the Department of Home Affairs, the Department of Labour, various Portfolio Committees and the Office of the Presidency.. South Africa. When we had our indigenous religions Africa was very prosperous and so peaceful but after embracing colonial religion, violence has increased in many countries. Today, the continent's various populations and individuals are mostly adherents of Christianity, Islam, and to a lesser extent several traditional African religions. Non-Christian entities in the country include Islam, Hinduism, Judaism, and Buddhism. Its pluralistic makeup is reflected in the constitution's recognition of 11 official languages, which is among the highest number of any country in the world. Some South African local governments banned temple building and property ownership by Hindus in 1910s. Its constitution guarantees freedom of religion. The members were exiled and together during the Great Trek of Afrikaner-Boer, the church developed. Of the total national population of 44.8 million, 35.8 millio… Son travail est considéré comme fondateur de l'anthropologie en langue française et sa thèse prévaut pendant des décenniesnote 4 quoiqu'il soit revenu à la fin de sa vie sur cette analyse. The community grew tenfold between 1880 and 1914, from 4,000 to over 40,000. Taux de mortalité des moins de 5 ans, 1990. Want to know the number and percentage of religions in Sub-Saharan Africa. The Calvinist Afrikaans is not so into the religion, and their population is almost insignificant. Au début du xxe siècle dans ses ouvrages Les fonctions mentales dans les sociétés inférieures, 1910, et La mentalité primitive, 1922, Lucien Lévy-Bruhl théorise la pensée primitive comme pré-logique et mystique, les pratiques spirituelles afférentes étant considérées comme des « pré-religions »7. 28th International Population Conference (IPC) 2017 to be hosted in Cape Town, South Africa “Population is not simply a problem of numbers. Recent figures estimate the number as between 75,000 and 100,000. The second phase was the arrival of Indians as indentured laborers to work in the sugar-cane fields in Natal between 1860 and 1868, and again from 1874 to 1911. 57. Degré d’atteinte à la liberté religieuse, selon l’Aide à l’Eglise en détresse (AED): intolérance préoccupante. They assisted Bartolomeu Dias and Vasco da Gama who first sailed around the Cape of Good Hope in 1488 and 1497 respectively.  Most white Catholics are English speaking. The Total Fertility Rates for the two fastest-growing religious groups in sub-Saharan Africa – Muslims and adherents of folk religions – are higher than the rates for Christians and the unaffiliated. However, fertility rates for all major religious groups in sub-Saharan Africa are considerably higher than the replacement level of 2.1 children per woman. The Zion Christian Church (or ZCC) is the largest African initiated church in Southern Africa. Almost 80% of South African population adheres to the Christian faith. In 1956, after members of various tribes in South Africa became Baháʼís, a regional Baháʼí Assembly which included South Africa was elected. As of 2010, it had the world's ninth largest population of Baháʼís, with nearly 240,000 members. The indigenous religious beliefs and practices of African people include various traditional religions. South Africa is a multiethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures, languages, and religions. The people follow many spiritual traditions and religious faiths. With the establishment of a trading post at the Cape of Good Hope by the Dutch in 1652, Christianity obtained a permanent foothold and gained converts among the indigenous population. Since its introduction in 1652 by the settlers, the system has gained popularity and has majority following. Restrictions on Religion. In the apartheid regime where traditional beliefs were mocked and rejected, thChristianity is the primary belief system in South Africa, with Protestantism being the largest denomination. In the apartheid regime where traditional beliefs were mocked and rejected, the system faced repulsion from the colonial government and regarded as a sect. The Civil Union Act, which came into effect on 30 November 2006, legalised same-sex marriage and also allowed for the legal designation of religious marriage officers without any religious restriction in accordance with the Constitution. Islam, though a minor religion, was introduced by the Dutch settlers’ Cape Malay slaves and constitutes 1.5% of the total population in the country. According to Stats SA’s Community Survey 2016, the distribution of religious beliefs in South Africa is as follows: Christianity – 43 423 717 Islam – 892 685 Traditional African religion – 2 454 887 Hinduism – 561 268 Buddhism – 24 808 Bahaism – 6 881 Judaism – 49 470 Atheism – 52 598 Agnosticism – 32 944 No religious affiliation/belief – 5 964 892 Other – 1 482 210 Do not know – 704 358 Source: Official Guide to South Africa It is also believed that Sheikh Yusuf of Macassar was the first person to introduce the Quran in South Africa. C. Jeannerat, D. Péclard & E. Morier-Genoud, This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 09:11. Importantly, there is significant and sustained syncretism with African Traditional Religion among most of the self-professed Christians in South Africa.  (More recent official statistics are unavailable, since the last South African Census – 2011 – did not ask any questions about religious affiliation.). Previously, religious marriage officers could only be legally designated as such "for the purpose of solemnising marriages according to Christian, Jewish or Mohammedan rites or the rites of any Indian religion" in accordance with the Marriage Act. South Africa Compare South Africa » Overview; Demographics; Religious Restrictions; Religion News; Religious Demography: Affiliation. While the 2011 South African census did not include a question of religious affiliation, the majority of South Africans (84.2%) identified as Christian in a 2013 General Household Survey. The median age across the population is approximately 27.1 years of age. Since then, Protestantism has been the predominant religion of the European settlers and today, of South Africa as a whole. L'aridité explique en partie les faibles densités du Nord-Ouest.  However, an Ipsos Mori Poll of 2017 showed 88% declare that religion was an important part of their lives.  South Africa's Jewish community differs from its counterparts in other African countries in that the majority have remained on the continent rather than emigrating to Israel (62% of the maximum 120,000 still remain). The San community maintains the African Traditional Religion up to today. In the infant years, the church ran by the doctrines of the Christian Catholic Church based on Zion, Illinois. Classement selon le TMM5 . The majority are descended from Irish and Italian immigrants. South African Plants – What Kind of Plants Live in South Africa? All Christians are listed in one category regardless of their denominations. Christianity was first introduced to the continent by the white man during colonisation. P.P. South Africa is called the rainbow nation because of its variety of people, cultures and religions. It is unclear when the first Hindus settled in parts of South Africa.  Although, the majority of South African Muslims are Sunni, smaller numbers are Ahmadi, particularly in Cape Town.. The system is independent and... Protestant Christian. Non-Christian entities in the country include Islam, Hinduism, Judaism, and Buddhism. Religion … As of 2010, there were 822,720,000 people of all ages living in sub-Saharan Africa. The European settlers believed that Africans did not have the true religion and so the implementation to extinct the traditional belief system. Even though the country prides itself on being a multi-dominion country, 15% of the population do not identify themselves with any religion, the second largest group after the Protestant Christians. Asia is considered the Islamic continent because it has a majority of Muslims.  Modern South Africa has many Hindu temples, and its Hindu community observes major festivals of Hinduism such as Deepavali.  Of the total national population of 44.8 million, 35.8 million or 79.8% identified as members of a Christian denomination.. About 3% do not identify with any religion, and a similar percentage are followers of folk or traditional religions – including African traditional religions. During apartheid, a number of Jews were prominent in the Anti-Apartheid Movement, while others were instrumental in promoting the extension of diplomatic military ties between Israel and the country's white government. With the growing force of colonialism, the religion dominated as more British settled in the Cape Town. Based in Elkhart, Indiana. Added to this are a considerable number of Muslims from India and Pakistan that have arrived as economic migrants. The system is independent and indigenous taking a 23.7% of the black community and constitutes 11.1% of the whole population of the country. The Baháʼí Faith was introduced to South Africa in 1911. Today the church, as opposed to the mainstream European churches, combines the aspects of African traditions with the values of Christianity. The Census 2001 provided the most recent national statistics for religious denominations. Rorty, rights and religion: The contribution of South African religions to a shared value system Ronald Nicolson INTRODUCTION The need for shared values It must be obvious to us all that if there is to be hope and stability in South Africa, a common set of values will need to be widely accepted. Describes their work in Botswana, Burkina Faso, Democratic Republic of Congo (former Zaire), Lesotho, Senegal, South Africa.Has full text articles from their journal, Messenger. The Dutch and the British introduced Christianity during the apartheid era. These innocent victims are vulnerable to a double degree: as women and as older persons. Many others are Portuguese settlers who left Angola and Mozambique after they became independent in the 1970s, or their children.  The Census 2011 form did not include any questions about religion due to low priority. During the introduction of Christianity at the onset of colonialism and more notably in the apartheid era, there was a mass execution of the Traditional African Religion. The Dutch and the British introduced Christianity during the apartheid era. Today the government endorses and protects all beliefs including the African religion. The General Household Survey (GHS), conducted in 2013 by Statistics South Africa (StatsSA), gave, for the first time since It is not so obvious where these shared values are to come from. Nearly 40% of the black colored South Africans are members of the African Independent Churches, commonly known as the Zionist Christian Churches, which include no less than 4,000 congregations. Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US. During the twentieth century the majority of people from European descent were Christian Protestants. Among potential Jewish emigrants, many were likelier to select a destination popular among other South Africans, such as Australia. Traditional African Religions. More than six-in-ten people in the region are Christians (63%), and three-in-ten are Muslims (30%). Taux de mortalité des moins de 5 ans, 2012 En 2015, 29,2 % de la population avait moins de 15 ans, 63 % avait entre 15 et … Judaism in South Africa came about some time before the discovery of the Cape of Good Hope, by the participation of Jewish astronomers and cartographers in the Portuguese discovery of the sea-route to India. Major Religions In South Africa Protestant Christian. Zion Christian Faith. Source: Global Restrictions on Religion studies. R Huttenback (1976), Racism and Empire: White Settlers and Colored Immigrants in the British Self-Governing Colonies 1830-1910, Cornell University Press, Michelangelo van Meerten, in History of Humanity: Scientific and Cultural Development, Editors: Peter Mathias and Nikolaj Tolorov, Volume 6, Originally published by. Religions > All: This entry includes a rank ordering of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The early patterns of Jewish South African history are almost identical to the history of the Jews in the United States but on a much smaller scale, including the period of early discovery and settlement from the late 17th century to the early 19th century. In Nigeria Muslims have been slaughtering Christians in broad daylight yet we are one people united by a common ancestry. Islam in South Africa is a minority religion, practiced by less than 1.5% of the total population, according to estimates[by whom?]. This is down from the 1.4% based on the 1996 census. Religions: 73,2% de protestants, 7,4% de catholiques, 1,7% de musulmans, 14,9% agnostiques. Oui. Hinduism is found in various provinces of South Africa, but primarily in KwaZulu-Natal. The Commission for the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Cultural, Religious and Linguistic Communities (CRL Rights Commission) is a chapter nine institution established in 2004 to support democracy.. In 2005 Baháʼís were estimated at about 240,100 adherents. Other notable Christian belief systems in South Africa include the Methodist Christian with a 6.8% of the population and the Charismatic Christians with a fascinating 8.2%.  In 2007 the South African Law Reform Commission received submissions from the South African Pagan Rights Alliance and the Traditional Healers Organisation requesting the investigation of the constitutionality of the act and on 23 March 2010 the Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development approved a South African Law Reform Commission project to review witchcraft legislation.. By the 2001 South African Census, its membership had increased to 4.97 million members. Below are the most notable Christian belief systems; Protestantism is the primary belief system in South Africa with 36% of the total population. The belief is more common among the whites and colored South Africans, taking a total of 86%. The San community maintains the African Traditional Religion up to today. The Auwal or Owal Mosque built in 1794, is a mosque in the Bo-Kaap neighbourhood of Cape Town, South Africa, it is recognised as the first mosque established in the country. The church's headquarters are at Zion City Moria in Limpopo Province, South Africa (Northern Transvaal).  2.7 million are of various black African ethnic groups, such as Zulu, Xhosa, and Sotho. Among the believers of Christ, the… Majoritairement urbaine avec un taux de 64,8 % en 2015, la population est inégalement répartie : la plupart des habitants résident à l'est du pays. The third phase, following the end of Apartheid, has been marked by the wave of African Muslims that have arrived on the shores and borders of South Africa. The first symbols of Christianity in southern Africa were in the form of crosses planted along the coast by early Portuguese seafarers.  The Baháʼí community decided to limit membership in its national assembly to black adherents when a mixed-race assembly was prohibited under Apartheid. The target population of the survey consists of all private households in all nine provinces of South Africa and residents in workers’ hostels. En 1948, paraît la traducti… The CRL Rights Commission held countrywide consultative public hearings in June and July 2012 to assess the need for a review of public holidays following the receipt of complaints from minority groups about unfair discrimination.  The 2016 Community Survey, and intercensal survey carried out by Statistics South Africa, reintroduced the religion question, and the results were reported in the pie chart. The Chinese immigrants introduced Buddhism in South Africa. According to the 1996 South African Census, the church numbered 3.87 million members. The South African religious landscape is diverse and has a profound effect on the role that faith communities and its members may and should play within this context. They include the Protestants, Roman Catholics, Anglicans, Independent and non-affiliated Christians. Coloured and white South Africans each account for roughly 300,000. In comparison, very few Muslims live in South Africa, where Christianity and other traditional religions have a larger following. The belief system is similar to the Anglican faith and forms 6.7% of the total population in the country. The Church of England came to South Africa in the early 17th century. However, it is less dominant in the black community who identify themselves with the Zion Christian faith. Below are the most notable Christian belief systems; Protestantism is the primary belief system in South Africa with 36% of the total population. Of the approximately 176,000 Indians of all faiths who were transported to the Natal province, almost 7-10% of the first shipment were Muslims. Most white Catholics who are English Speaking are the descendants of the Irish immigrants. Africa is traditionally concerned the Muslim continent though the rapid rise of Christianity and active missionary work has led to followers of each of the two great Abrahamic religions today claiming higher number of adherents. In 1996, there were approximately 3.3 million Catholics in South Africa making up 6% of the total South African population. After the eradication of apartheid system, religion, freedom, and protection in the country facilitated the growth of different religions.  This is the largest concentration of Hindus in Africa after Mauritius. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, South African Animals — Animals Native to South Africa. The 2016 General Household Survey measured a … It is made up of 26 dioceses and archdioceses plus an apostolic vicariate. The Roman Catholic Church is the main Catholicism in South Africa and 7.1 of the population in the country are followers of this religion.The belief system is common among the Zulu, Xhosa, and Sotho. The Catholic Church in South Africa is part of the universal Catholic Church composed of the Roman Rite and 22 Eastern Rites, of which the South African church is under the spiritual leadership of the Southern African Catholic Bishops Conference and the pope based in Vatican City.  Hindu Indians were among the people who were referred to as coolies, racially segregated, and their discrimination continued through the Apartheid era until 1994. , According to the World Values Survey, between 1981 and 2001, South Africa was one of only three societies to see an increase in religious participation, and it was the leader among these, with churchgoing increasing by 13% in that period, from 43% of people surveyed to 57% being churchgoers. Despite the wide-ranging spectrum of South Africa's religions, 80 percent of all South Africans consider themselves Christian. Ethiopia was the first countryto adopt Christianity as a doctrine. South Africa is a secular state with a diverse religious population. Source: The Future of World Religions: Population Growth Projections, 2010-2050. The vast majority of current Hindus in South African provinces are descendants of indentured laborers brought in by the British colonial government, from 1860 to 1919, to work in plantations and the mining operations owned by European settlers. , A 2015 study estimated some 6,500 believers from a Muslim background have converted into Christianity and numbers have increased recently. 61. Latest Religion News. A diverse variety of African Traditional Religions of the early Khoisan and later Bantu speakers were practiced in the region prior to contact with European seafarers and settlers. Haut de la page .  A small population of Baháʼís remained until 1950 when large numbers of international Baháʼí pioneers settled in South Africa. South Africa has a broad mix of religions. The Zion Faith is the religion of the black people in South Africa. In accordance with section 5 of the Civil Union Act, any religious organisation may apply to the Department of Home Affairs for designation as a religious organisation and when designated as such must formally nominate suitable candidates from within their organisation to be designated by the Department of Home Affairs as religious marriage officers for the purpose of solemnising marriages according to the rites of that religious organisation. After the British occupations of the Cape in 1795 and 1806, this Christian tradition prevailed. Factbook > Countries > South Africa > Demographics Religions: Christian 86%, ancestral, tribal, animist, or other traditional African religions 5.4%, … The popularity of the belief system is due to its liberated reforms that entertain ordination of women and surprisingly, homosexuality as compared to most evangelical counterparts. , Christianity is the dominant religion in South Africa, with almost 80% of the population in 2001 professing to be Christian. Le Gauteng est la région la plus peuplée suivie par le KwaZulu-Natal4. The Zion Faith is the religion of the black people in South Africa. 3. La loi garantit-elle la liberté religieuse? The proportion of Catholics among the predominantly Calvinist white Afrikaans speakers, or South African Asians who are mainly Hindus of Indian descent, is extremely small. A 2012 Win-Gallup International Religiosity and Atheism poll indicated that the number of South Africans who consider themselves religious decreased from 83% of the population in 2005 to 64% of the population in 2012. It has grown in three phases. Importantly, there is significant and sustained syncretism with African Traditional Religionamong most of the self-professed Christians in South Africa. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivision within Christianity and Islam. Even though the country prides itself in being a multi-dominion country, 15% of the population do not identify themselves with any religion, the second largest group after the Protestant Christians. It is mostly women advanced in age that are persecuted as witches by communities holding traditional beliefs. The first phase brought the earliest Muslims as part of the involuntary migration of slaves, political prisoners and political exiles from Africa and Asia (mainly from the Indonesian archipelago) that lasted from about 1652 to the mid-1800s. Basically, Islam dominates the North and East of the continent, while Christianity dominates the South and West, whith other native and folk religions being scattered throughout.  Many came from Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, and Bihar, and some from other states of India. In 1995, after a prolonged period of growth and oppression during Apartheid and the homelands reuniting with South Africa, the Baháʼí National Spiritual Assembly of South Africa was formed. Hindus comprised about 0.9% of the population of South Africa; however 3.3… L'Afrique du Sud compte environ 56 millions d'habitants en 20163. 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Are based in ethnic and regional areas of South Africa is said to support Christianity as a doctrine %! Churches, combines the aspects of African traditions with the Zion Christian church ( or ZCC ) is religion! Page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 09:11 estimates and! Protects all beliefs including the African Traditional religion up to today made up of 26 and... 2020 worldatlas.com, South Africa in 1911 has a majority of people from European descent were Christian Protestants plus..., south africa religion percentage % agnostiques themselves with the growing force of colonialism, church! La région la plus peuplée suivie par le KwaZulu-Natal4, political prisoners, and their population is approximately years! ] 2.7 million are of various tribes in South Africa is dominated by various branches Christianity. Questions about religion due to low priority Traditional beliefs million are of various African! Is considered the Islamic continent because it has a majority of Muslims black community who identify themselves with Zion. Maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, South African local governments temple.
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