Rubina Abid; Jan Alam; Qaiser M, 2010. There is also conflicting information about it being native or introduced for some countries, as it is listed as both in different sources for a country. A. indicum is a common weed, found in open, sunny and warm areas, from sea level to ca. Moreau RE; Moreau WM, 1931. Elumalai K; Dhanasekaran S; Veeraiyan G; Meenakshi V, 2008. J. Malay. Abutilon indicum (country mallow); fruiting habit, with mature seed pods. Abutilon indicum in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Insect Science, 13:179-188. Deccan College Research Institute, 1988-89. Abutilon x hybridum Flowering Maple or Chinese Lantern Long popular as easy-to-grow houseplants, these Hibiscus relatives are known chiefly through their many colorful hybrids with either bell-shaped or flaring flowers. Vinayaraj-2012/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0. There is almost no information available on how A. indicum was introduced to various regions or how it has spread. Affinities of Malvaceae: Malvaceae is related to Sterculiaceae and Tiliaceae in having mucilaginous sap, simple alternate and stipulate leaves. Abutilon. Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club, 17:97-175. Balfour B, 1879. http://apps.kew.org/efloras/search.do. Indian mallow is beneficial in general debility, nervous disorders, headache, muscular weakness, heart diseases, bleeding disorders and paralytic disorders. The species "indicum" means from Indicus of or pertaining to India or Indian in latin, in this case, refers to the orgin of the plant - India. A. hirtum has an orange corolla with a purple centre, while A. indicum has a uniformly yellow corolla (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015). Wageningen, Netherlands: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. Weed Science. Br. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 187(8):527. http://rd.springer.com/journal/10661, Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015. In India it is also reported as used by the Santals tribe to treat convulsions, cramps, colic pain, spermatorrhoea, dysentery, tuberculosis, coughs, bronchitis and menorrhagia in humans and bone fracture in cattle (Jain and Tarafder, 1970). Mitchell AS, 1982. Pandikumar P; Chellappandian M; Mutheeswaran S; Ignacimuthu S, 2011. Alam SM; Azmi AR, 1990. The record derives from WCSP (in review) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Hort. Close image of orange abutilon flower. Abutilon Indicum plant was named as ‘NAbIC’. Plant folk medicines among the Nicobarese of Katchal Island, India. Veena Gupta; Anjali Kak; Vivek Mitter; Singh BB, 2001. http://www.prota4u.info, Rafiq MK; Javed Afzal; Jasra AW; Imtiaz Ahmad; Khan TN; Farooq MU, 2010. The extracts did not inhibit germination, but stimulated the shoot length of all the cultivars. (Lep., Noctuidae). PROTA4U web database., [ed. Abutilon indicum (country mallow); habit. A. indicum is a common weed, found in open, sunny and warm areas, from sea level to ca. Most of the information available on A. indicum is related to its pharmacological properties, its phytochemistry or the ethnobotanical uses. On some chalcids reared from a mealybug infesting, Mohite MS; Shelar PA; Raje VN; Babar SJ; Sapkal RK, 2012. Review on pharmacological properties of, Mukherjee A, 1993/1994. Root inhibition was found for all, except Sind-81 and chickpea (Alam and Azmi, 1990). India 1: 326. India. Sweet. Economic Botany, 36(3):313-322. Seeds reniform, sparsely stellate. (2013) give detailed reviews on the microscopic, phytochemical and pharmacological properties and uses of A. indicum. Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. The following description is from Flora of China Editorial Committee (2015): Herbs to subshrubs, annual or perennial, erect, many branched, 1-2.5 m, entire plant gray puberulent. Leaves paste of Atibala is taken in a dose of 5 grams for one month. They also report the presence of β-sitosterol for A. indicum as a new natural mosquito larvicidal agent. Influence of wild plant residue (Abutilon indicum L.) on the germination and seedling growth of wheat and chickpea. Its roots and leaves are used for curing fever. The plant Abutilon Indicum (Linn.) Fresh Abutilon indicum leaves were collected and identified by Dr. Zaheer-u-din Khan (Department of Botany, GC University, Pakistan). Iodine solution Blue colour Starch grains present Starch grains present 2. PROTA4U web database. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Notes on the economic flora of Cuba. When provided with proper care, abutilon plants will produce beautiful flowers nearly … The PLANTS Database. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Flowers solitary, axillary, 2-2.5 cm in diam. 1600 m altitude. Calyx green, disk-shaped, 6-10 mm in diam., densely gray puberulent, lobes 5, broadly ovate, apex acute. Liogier AH, 1994. Hanif A, Hossan S, Mia MK, Islam MJ, Jahan R, Rahmatullah M, 2009. Weed Science, 29(3):287-291. ID - 131. Oviedo Prieto R; Herrera Oliver P; Caluff MG, et al. The pH for the activated carbon adsorbent was determined using the Elico pH meter, model LI-120 and The micro morphology of both adaxial and abaxial leaf surfaces of seven species of the genus Abutilon Mill. Abutilon cunninghamii Benth.. Abutilon cysticarpum Hance ex Walp.. Abutilon elongatum Moench. Flowers remain open for about 6-7 hours, withering after 2 to 5 days. A phytosociological study of a weed community in fallow land in the semi-arid zone of India. 1600 m altitude. Interpretation Translation  Abutilon. Notes on the strand flora of Great Inagua, Haiti and Jamaica. Asiat. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. ; mericarps 15-20, apex acute, slightly awned, long stellate scabrous. Reagents Observation Inference Root Leaf 1. sweet. ID - 125. 1192 pp. Waterhouse D F, 1993. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. were traditionally used to treat bronchitis. Erect or procument, Branches with simple prickly or stellate hairs. The calyx is bell-shaped with five lobes. [8], The plant is very much used in Siddha medicines. A comprehensive report on the quantitative characteristics of micromorphological features of leaf Studies On Micromorphological Taxonomic Variations In Abutilon Species Of Indian Thar Desert DOI: 10.9790/3008-1204036068 www.iosrjournals.org 61 | Page vitamins, herbal supplements, etc. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 23(3):369-371. Buds take about 18-20 days to open. UPPRP, 2016. FeCl3 solution Blue black colour Tannins were present Tannins were present 3. (2001) report that freshly harvested seeds show over 92% of hardseededness in germination experiments and that a hot water treatment at 70°C for 10 minutes is the most effective method for breaking it. , 2012. Wildlife. III. & Perr., Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet, Abutilon molle (Wild.) Previous studies in Thailand showed that A. indicum extracts show potential larval toxicity for Aedes aegyptii and high toxicity to guppy fishes (Promsiri et al., 2006). Blossoming Redvein abutilon Abutilon pictum or Indian mallow. Extracts from the note-book of a naturalist on the island of Guam-I. It is reported to be native to Africa, Asia and Australasia, although it has been argued to be truly native only to Asia (PROTA, 2015). Seetharam YN; Gururaj Chalageri; Setty SR; Bheemachar, 2002. Family Malvaceae, erect shrub, leaves with characteristic odour, it is close relative of Abutilon indicum, both are used. Richmond, Surrey, UK: Kew Databases. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 6(10):574-592. http://jocpr.com/vol6-iss10-2014/JCPR-2014-6-10-574-592.pdf. Observations on new species of fungi from North and South America. Flowers are solitary, paired, or borne in small inflorescences in the leaf axils or toward the branch tips. A phytosociological study of a weed community in fallow land in the semi-arid zone of India. In: Ecology, 67 (6) 1536-1547. The whole plant including the root, bark, flowers and seeds are used as natural cure for various symptoms. 2.4. It has been reported that Abutilon indicum has Anti inflammatory and Antiproliferative activity, Anti-Arthritic activity, Analgesic and Sedative property, Antioxidant and Antimicrobial activity, Hepatoprotective activity, Anti diabetic, Anti cancer, Anti diarrhoeal, Anti-convulsant, Larvicidal, Wound healing, Anti asthmatic, Diuretic, Immunomodulatory, and Anti-estrogenic activity. Hanif A; Hossan S; Mia MK; Islam MJ; Jahan R; Rahmatullah M, 2009. A comparative study of yield components and quality of common Indian bast fibres. v + 141 pp. Hypoglycemic activity of Abutilon indicum leaf extracts in rats. In: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 168 326-387. Maiti RK; Chakravarty K, 1977. Supplement: Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatopyta (Sequentia). Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. Abutilon in Lista de Espécies fa Flora do Brasil (Abutilon in the list of species of the flora of Brazil). Men in Gujrat, India use the species as an aphrodisiac (Prabhuji et al., 2010). Abutilon x hybridum is classified as a b roadleaf evergreen shrub and can be grown outdoors year-round in USDA plant hardiness zones 9-10, where it may reach as high as 10 feet tall under optimal growing conditions. (Apuntes para la flora económica de Cuba I. Especies productoras de fibras.) The species is used widely in its native range as a traditional medicinal plant (Mohite et al, 2012; Vadnere Gautam et al., 2013), and was probably introduced for cultivation outside its native range for medicinal purposes. Abutilon indicum (Linn) family (Malvaceae) commonly known as Atibala is used in our Traditional System of Medicine for healing various diseases. Wageningen, Netherlands: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. (2008) tested the larvicidal activity on Culex quinquefasciatus and found high larval mortality when using petroleum ether extract from A. indicum. Abutilon 'Souvenir de Bonn' (Flowering Maple) is a large, upright, evergreen shrub bearing a profusion of pendant, salmon-pink, bell-shaped flowers, up to 2.5 in long (6 cm), adorned with dark red veining. Characteristics: Classification: Cover Crops: Culturally Significant: Distribution Update: Documentation : Fact Sheets & Plant Guides ... Abutilon indicum monkeybush Abutilon malacum yellow Indian mallow Abutilon mauritianum . Flora of China., St. Louis, Missouri; Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. by Grubben GJH, Denton OA]. Abutilon indicum (Linn) Sweet. Saini RK; Ram Singh, 1999. [2] This plant is often used as a medicinal plant and is considered invasive on certain tropical islands. New record of an alternate host plant of red cotton bug, Dysdercus koenigii (Fab.). Supplement: Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatopyta (Sequentia). Compendium record. 6 (Special Issue No. Butterflies (Lepidoptera) and bees (Hymenoptera) are the regular flower visitors. It was NOT Sida for several reasons including for the mericarps which are not 1-seeded, nor 2-beaked and the beaks not pointing towards the center of fruit. The leaves are toothed and it bears solitary yellow flowers which bloom in the evening. Abutilon indicum Linn. From softwood cuttings. It is also used for its fibres in various countries (Maiti and Chakravarty, 1977; Fuentes Fiallo, 1999; Brussell, 2004).A. Promsiri S; Naksathhhit A; Kruatrachue M; Thavara U, 2006. Abutilon species are herbs, undershrubs or shrubs. Brussell DE, 2004. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). Wight and Arn. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Henderson M R, 1939. This includes: hepatoprotective, wound healing, immunomodulatory, analgesic, antimalarial, antimicrobial and hypoglycemic activity, among others. ©Vengolis-2016/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 4.0. This plant is often used as a medicinal plant and is considered invasive on certain tropical islands. Tennyson S; Ravindran KJ; Arivoli S, 2012. This plant is often used as a medicinal plant and is considered invasive on certain tropical islands. Abutilon arborescens Medik.. Abutilon asiaticum (L.) Sweet. Integrated weed management in upland irrigated rice in Marathwada. Rajwar GS, 1984. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, PROTA, 2015. The plant was so named due to its broad, lobed leaves, which look very much like maple leaves. Malva sylvestris is also a garden plant. The plant was dried for about two to three weeks in a shady area. Moreau RE, Moreau WM, 1931. Journal of the Straits Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 23:123-140. 58 ( suppl. ): s203-s220 U, 2013 but stimulated the shoot length of the! Pakistan 1978-1979: HEAR, University of the plants Database includes the following 27 species the! L. ) Sweet, Abutilon molle ( wild. )., Richmond, Surrey UK. Seeds of Indian forest plants Abutilon mauritianum environments ( Allaway et al., ). Harvard University Herbaria: CABI, Undated A. CABI Compendium: status inferred from regional distribution scale propagation of species! Used in Siddha medicines herbs, shrubs, and trees Kannappan Geetha, 2008 l, ).. 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