Capsicum consists of 20–27 species, five of which are domesticated: C. annuum, C. baccatum, C. chinense, C. frutescens, and C. pubescens. Capsicum baccatum was domesticated in Peru and Bolivia around 2,500 years ago and is the most widely grown species in South America (Brazil, Bolivia, Chile, Columbia, Peru and Ecuador). baccatum. The Capsicum baccatum species are the Peruvian chillies, and mainly consists of the South American Aji chilli varieties, such as Aji amarillo, Aji panca, Lemon Drop and Bishop’s Crown. Longidentatum This variety can grow up to six feet tall in a single growing season and has hundreds of cranberry sized fruit that ripen to red. There are five major species of cultivated Capsicum, C. annuum, C. chinense, C. baccatum, C. frutescens, C. pubescens, and within those species are several "taxonomic varieties". Pakistan Bishops Crown belong to the same species of Aji varieties. Aji: [Ahee] (Capsicum baccatum) A fiery hot, fruity, yellow orange chile from Peru.It’s full bodied flavour enhances potatoes, chicken, stews and is excellent raw in salsas or salads. A wild Chile species native to Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay. E. Europe Hybrid varieties take advantage of a phenomenon called heterosis or hybrid vigor, which occurs in pepper. Plants can grow to over 130 cm tall with small, smooth leaves. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-26 ) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Mant. Accessed: 09-Oct-10. Viability test: Seed viability was tested using tetrazolium technique to ensure that the seeds were of high quality Kenya Frutescens meaning 'shrubby' or 'bushy' is not widely cultivated with the exception of the Tabasco, which has been used in the manufacture of the world famous sauce since 1848. Capsicum pulchellum This long, thin fruit was transported by the Portuguese to China and India, where it is used widely. Hungary Also known as a Manzano or Locoto pepper, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 12:57. C. baccatum var. Single white flowers develop into the fruit, which is typically green when unripe, but may lack chlorophyll causing a white color. It is closely related to many other very hot peppers. Fiji Contested as being the result of testing a single specimen and thus not establishing a consistent result for a cultivar. Also found in Ecuador. Capsicum baccatum is one of five domesticated pepper species which, despite its morphological and ecological variability, has been underexploited for germplasm improvement. This species are renowned for their characteristic smoky-fruity flavour that no other chilli species can reproduce. Species: Capsicum baccatum; Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. baccatum is locally called “arivivi”. Baccatum Capsicum-Baccatum. Leptopodum A wild Chile species native to south-east Brazil. Santa Fe Grande has a slightly sweet taste and is fairly mild in pungency. Pictures and information of varieties of hot peppers, bell peppers, sweet peppers and chili peppers: Capsicum annuum; Capsicum baccatum; Capsicum chinense The species commonly grown in Mexico, the USA, Europe, and Asia is Capsicum annuum. The genus Capsicum is also a member of the wider Solanaceae or nightshade family and therefore Chile peppers are closely related to their genetic cousins, the tomato, potato, tobacco and eggplant. A wild Chile species native to Argentina, south Brazil and south-east Paraguay. Iran West Indies tovarii.[2]. These can be divided into five Capsicum species and a further 28 wild forms. Eshbaugh (1970) described the qualitative characters of fruit colour, fruit position, and fruit persistence as easily distinguishing the two varieties of C. baccatum. These three types of cultivar seed production are all similar in that only one parent is used and the seed are produced generally through selfing. Plants can grow up to 1.2 m (47 in), the flowers are purple. It has thin fruit with a pointed tip. While the other domesticated pepper species can be commonly found in cultivation throughout the Americas, baccatum peppers are mainly only popular in South American countries such as Peru and Brazil. acuminatum, C. annuum var. The taxonomic characters of the five cultivated species are given in Table 13.2 following Greenleaf (1986). A white flowering wild Chile species native to Bolivia and Peru. Nigeria Former World-record holder for hottest chili as of 2012. Peru This is a list of Capsicum cultivars belonging to the five major species of cultivated peppers (genus Capsicum): C. annuum, C. chinense, C. baccatum, C. frutescens, and C. pubescens. They are almost as many baccatum cultivars as annuums with pods ranging from non-pungent to very hot. Often it is dried and ground into powder. Algeria The baccatum species is widely grown in South America and now around the world. Parvifolium The flowers can be either insect or self-pollinated. Accessed: 09-Oct-10. Named for the fruit it resembles, this cultivar's fruit is small, red, and round. USDA-ARS GRIN pepper seed collection, Experiment, Georgia, International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants, New Mexico State University: Chile Pepper Insititute, "DNA Barcoding in a Crop Genebank: The Capsicum annuum Species Complex", "How are hybrid and open-pollinated vegetables different? pendulum contains domesticated forms . grossum, and Capsicum frutescens var. 2) Capsicum baccatum: This variety can have its flavors ranging from the fiercely hot one to the mild and non-pungent ones. The tiny red fruits have no heat. African-American Capsicum - Photo index of chile and hot pepper varieties and cultivars. There are about 4,000 varieties of chili in the world. Costa Rica [3] This includes the Capsicum annuum complex, which consists of C. annuum, C. frutescens, and C. chinense. Grown in central and southern Africa, it is very similar in appearance to and often confused with the devil's tongue habanero. grossum and C. frutescens var. Genetically part of taxa including Capsicum pubescens and said to grow like a small tree. baccatum has red, erect, and non-persistent fruits, and C. baccatum var. Spain Seeds of the four varieties of the cultivated Capsicum species (C.annuum var. Laos baccatum: Capsicum frutescens Linnaeus, var. Korea There are about 4,000 varieties of chili in the world. Another famous variety is the Malagueta, which grows in the amazon basin in Brazil where the species probably originated. The heat levels of annuum peppers varies widely. The flowers are white with yellow-green spots at the base of the petals. The flowers usually have green or yellowish markings and yellow anthers. The ripe fruits are said to be very seedy. Cayman Islands The most representative fruits of the Capsicum baccatum are, for example, the varieties of: the Hot Lemon, the Lemon Drop, the Brazilian Starfish and the Mini Bonnet. Capsicum baccatum (bah-COT-tum or bah-KAY-tum): When speaking about baccatums, a majority of the time we are really talking about C. baccatum var. Ecuador Capsicum baccatum - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia To generate a hybrid variety, two self-pollinated varieties are intentionally crossed, and all seed from this cross are collected. Ciliatum As it continues to ripen, it morphs to red. ” At Refining Fire Chiles we isolate our seed production plants to avoid cross-pollination with other chile species. Yugoslavia The varieties and species used include C. annuum var. Serbia Zaire Capsicum baccatum is one of the main pepper species grown and consumed in South America. West of the Andes, the ajíes are the most frequently eaten chiles, but they are also known in Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina. Portugal Extremely hot pepper, currently the Guinness book of world records holder as of August 7, 2013. Self-pollinated varieties are similar to open-pollinated varieties in that they are true-to-type and seed is collected at and stored from each harvest, but measures are taken to minimize outcrossing. The pungent flavour of red pepper types is due to the alkaloid capsaicin but … View all the varieties of peppers that are in the Capsicum Baccatum family. minimum (Mill.) Nicaragua USA If you have a photograph that you have taken and you are willing to allow us to use it here, please do get in touch. in the South American Andes). Capsicum baccatum, which includes the South American varieties, such as ají amarillo, ají limon and criolla sell Capsicum chinense , w hich includes all of the Habaneros, Scotch Bonnets, Trinidad Scorpions, the Bhut Jolokia and the Carolina Reaper. Coccineum Plants are fai Malaysia It is known locally as 'Tova' in Paraguay. Pods are erect, and exhibit less variation in color, shape, and size than do Capsicum annuum, C. chinense, and C. baccatum. Kosovo A Southeast Asian cultivar known by many local names, but generally it is called Thai chili in the United States. Sudan Israel Geminifolium A very unusual and scarce wild Capsicum species initially believed to be a sister to Capsicum Tovarii although after further study by Eshbaugh in 1988, it has since been omitted from Capsicum species list. Use the following short form to search 3812 types of pepper by name, heat, origin and genus. China Paraguay However, modern plant breeding has removed that distinction as hot bell varieties and sweet Jalapenos have now been bred. A wild Chile species native to Guatemala, Honduras and Mexico. Bright, bold and beautiful - capsicum is found in a variety of vibrant colours which, when added to meals, can bring alive even the most mundane preparations. Czechoslovakia Genetically part of taxa including Capsicum pubescens. [11] Its fruit forms are varied, from large to small, sweet to sour, and very hot/pungent to bland. Like most Capsicum baccatum varieties requires a long cultivation time to get ripe pods The species are grown in temperate climates as an annual, but they are especially productive in warm and dry climates.[14]. St Helena The baccatum species is generally distinguished from the other species by the yellow or tan spots on the corollas (on the flowers) and by the yellow anthers. Capsicum Baccatum Aji Omnicolor. This species is the most common and extensively cultivated of the five domesticated species and includes the Ancho, Bell Pepper, Cayenne, Cherry, Cuban, De Arbol, Jalapeno, Mirasol, Ornamental, New Mexican, Paprika, Pimiento, Pequin, Serrano, Squash and Wax pod types. South Africa Thailand Plants are fai Nuclear, Any OriginAfghanistan Young leaves show purple veins, which may turn dark green later on. Capsicum baccatum Chili plants of the genus Capsicum baccatum often grow to more than two meters in size. Seeds of pepper genus Capsicum baccatum. This is how much seed intended for home-garden use is produced, like the cultivar Early Jalapeño. Honduras Minutiflorum Central African Republic An interesting generalisation is that most of the wild Chile species have small fruits, which are eaten with ease by birds; the natural dispersal agent for Capsicum species. To refine your search, be sure to select the appropriate species from the drop down list. Bahamas Capsicum baccatum is a member of the genus Capsicum, and is one of the five domesticated pepper species. 2) Capsicum baccatum: This variety can have its flavors ranging from the fiercely hot one to the mild and non-pungent ones. Much of the commercial pepper production uses hybrid varieties for their improved traits. While open-pollinated varieties are typically true-to-type, there may be occasional outcrossing to other Capsicum varieties that may introduce some heterogeneity. A tubular purple flowering wild species native to La Paz, Bolivia. The pod types, as well as the plants are very varied in this species although they are characterised by a distinctive fruity aroma often described as apricot like. The Bishops Crown is a baccatum variety. Species: Capsicum baccatum L. – locoto Subordinate Taxa. They include almost all flavors and are easily available in your local markets. Eximium Probably the most difficult of the five domesticated species to grow. Netherlands Antilles Buforum The Capsicum Baccatum is unique in chili pepper varieties due to its history – this is one brand of pepper that was actually brought to Central and South America by the colonizers, rather than the colonizers taking the pepper plants back with them. Dominica The fruit tends to be very pungent, and registers 30,000 to 50,000 on the Scoville Heat Unit scale. In the genus Capsicum, which comprises the various kinds of chile and bell peppers (chilli, paprika, etc. Apologies, our seed exchange is temporarily unavailable. Ukraine Often it is fried in Italian cooking. Grenada They include almost all flavors and are easily available in your local markets. The baccatum species is generally distinguished from the other species by the yellow or tan spots on the corollas (on the flowers) and by the yellow anthers. Capsicum baccatum. baccatum could be distinguished from the three varieties of C. annuum by the presence of bromine, chlorine, and nitrogen in its elemental composition spectroscopy. This method is used to produce hybrid Capsicum cultivars such as the blocky-types Double-Up and Orange Blaze. Due to its thin skin, it does not need to be peeled before use. Capsicum terminology is very confusing with Pepper, chilli, chile, chili, aji, paprika and capsicum all used interchangeably to describe the plants and pods of the genus Capsicum. Poland Capsicum annuum var. Certainly the most well-known pepper species, Capsicum annuum is home to some of the most beloved varieties. baccatum (Linnaeus) Irish 1898. With all other varieties, the opposite has been true. Literally translated, “Pubescens” means “hairy”, and these plants can be fairly easily identified by their characteristic black seeds and hairy leaves. They were grown at the University of Ilorin Botanical Garden. These have a distinctive, fruity flavor, and are commonly ground into colorful powders for use in cooking, each identified by its color. pendulum, C. chinense and C. pubescens) originated in South America. Belize Bangladesh 30,000-50,000 SHU. Dimorphum Chacoense This may involve placing a barrier such as a mesh bag or cage over the plant to prevent pollinators from reaching flowers, ensuring that the plant has "selfed". Strong growing plants have high yields of large, medium hot pods. Pubescens has a compact to erect habit (sometimes sprawling and vine like) and can grow up to 8 feet tall, although 2 feet is more usual. The twenty six wild species lack extensive study on their biology and seeds are much harder to come by as they are often subject to restricted seed distribution. Samoa Capsicum baccatum. The erect pods are elongated, triangular, 2.5 cm long, 0.5 cm wide and mature from green to red. It comprises five domesticated and about 25 wild species. Most commonly grown species in South America . Sweet The fruit tends to be very pungent, and registers ... Capsicum chinense: Capsicum chinense, commonly known as a "habanero type pepper" is a species of chili pepper native to the Americas. A smoke-dried ripe jalapeño is referred to as a, Also known as "Korean Dark Green", "Korean Long Green", "Korean Red" or "Korean Hot". Japan The botantical 'genus' to which all chiles belong is Capsicum (CAP-see-coom), from the greek kapto meaning 'to bite'. Learn More. ), there are some 30 species. Schottianum Sweet-tasting and mild, used extensively in Italian and Greek cuisine, very frequently pickled. Ghana Like most Capsicum baccatum varieties requires a long cultivation time to get ripe pods The habanero has a subtle, fruity flavour and a floral aroma. Virgin Islands baccatum is the wild form and var. Campylopodium Pod types are less varied than the other species (with the exception of Pubescens) are often small, pointy and grow erect on the plants. The new hybrid variety typically is more vigorous than either of the two parents contributing to traits such as higher yield. Canary Islands Other major varieties are Aji Limo, Black Prince and Purple Tiger. Rhomboideum The pods of this plant are very hot and grow to 0.25 inches long, maturing from dark green to red. The dried form of the Mirasol chili is called, Generic Italian name for hot chili peppers, specifically the cultivars of the species, Italian name for crispy pepper, a dry and sweet variety of. Any HeatVery Sweet Bermuda Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin (1727–1817), a Dutch botanist, named the species in that way in 1776 because he believed they originated in China. A white flowering wild species not commercially grown, although several Chile enthusiasts have successfully grown the cultivar 'Cobincho'. Lanceolatum pendulum is cultivated and C. baccatum var baccatum is a wild type.-C. baccatum, var. Chile Sometimes called Aji Amarillo. pendulum and have pendant fruit. Chinense Closely related species include Capsicum praetermissum which is regarded as Capsicum baccatum var. Pl. There are perhaps fifty thousand Capsicum cultivars grown worldwide. pendulum.These are Capsicum baccatums with fruits that hang down (pendant) instead of being upright and include South American Aji peppers, Peppadew, Lemon drop, Bishop’s Crown, and Brazilian Starfish. In Brazil, it is commonly cultivated by family farmers, using mostly the genotypes bishop's hat genotypes (locally cambuci) and red chili pepper (dedo-de-moça). A wild Chile species native to Southern Brazil. Tovarii Capsicum baccatum in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Panama Hot A chili pepper grown in the Philippines, and a popular ingredient in, Mild, sweet and tangy flavour, usable in many dishes, It is a type of seasoning pepper. Albania Hawaii baccatum: Capsicum annuum Linnaeus, var. Burkina Faso Venezuela Cuba This group of peppers are made up of mostly Aji's from South America. This pepper can be used many ways in sauces or cooking but is great when de-seeded and pickled. Voss Capsicum annuum var. Frutescens West Africa After trying their crispy flesh, astonishment turns into admiration. Once considered to be the hottest chili pepper, the habanero has been surpassed by other hot varieties, but it is nonetheless hotter than most commonly available cultivars. Chilli varieties. Cultivated chili varieties can usually be assigned to these five species: Capsicum annuum; Capsicum baccatum; Capsicum chinense; Capsicum frutescens; Capsicum pubescens Barbados baccatum-wewe.The voucher specimens of each variety was collected and deposited at the University of Ilorin’s herbarium. Check them out below. However two wild species 'Cardenasii' and 'Eximium' are believed to be closely related. Capsicum baccatum: Capsicum baccatum is a member of the genus Capsicum, and is one of the five domesticated pepper species. Annuum meaning 'annual' is actually an incorrect designation given that Chiles are perennials under suitable growing conditions. Accessed: 09-Oct-10. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Capsicum baccatum . Another distinguishing feature of the species is the black seeds of the fruits. Romania Kambuzi is a small, round chili pepper cultivar that is found in central region of Malawi, a landlocked country in southeast Africa. In British English, the sweet varieties are called "peppers"[12] and the hot varieties "chillies",[13] whereas in Australian English and Indian English, the name "capsicum" is commonly used for bell peppers exclusively and "chilli" is often used to encompass the hotter varieties. Pepper varieties in the C. baccatum species have white or cream colored flowers, and typically have a green or gold corolla. PCR amplification of the isolated DNA from the four varieties of Capsicum revealed a total of 75 loci out of which 14 were found to be polymorphic. pendulum . Capsicum chinense or "Chinese capsicum" is a misnomer since all Capsicum species originated in the New World. Grows in a conical shape with a slight curve near the tip. The flowers are totally flat when fully opened, are purple edged with a white inner band and have a greenish yellow centre. acuminatum-Sample B, Capsicum frutescens Var. But there are others like the famous Peppadew from South Africa. Capsicum baccatum Chili plants of the genus Capsicum baccatum often grow to more than two meters in size. Flexuosum Praetermissum Siberia praetermissum. A white flowering wild species native to the Galapagos Islands of Isabela and Santa Cruz. Frequently it is used in ceviche, and is one of the most frequently used chilis in salsa. Open-pollinated varieties are those that are maintained without strict barriers to prevent outcrossing and then seed is collected at and stored from each harvest such as the lamuyo-type Marconi Yellow. This is a species which primarily grows as a perennial plant in its country of origin (e.g. | Oregon State University Extension Service | Gardening", "Reproductive characterization of interspecific hybrids among, "Pepper - Glossary - Cooking libraries - Cooking and recipes - Food & drink", "Chilli - Glossary - Cooking libraries - Cooking and recipes - Food & drink", "The Chile Pepper Institute Merchandise Catalog", "Selective Enzyme-Mediated Extraction of Capsaicinoids and Carotenoids from Chili Guajillo Puya (Capsicum annuum L.) Using Ethanol as Solvent", "Salsa Garden cubit: Salsa Garden Pepper Database: Puya, Capsicum annuum (Hot Pepper)", "World's hottest pepper hits 2.2 million Scoville scale", "FYI: What is the Hottest Pepper in the World? Aji Lemon Drop chilli peppers also go by the names of qillu uchu and kellu uchu. Capsicum annuum is the original form of the fiery chili. Official names aside, in American English, any variety lacking heat is colloquially known as a sweet pepper, and those sweet peppers that have a blocky-shape are referred to as bell peppers. Angola The flowers are either insect or self-pollinated. Please do not send us images you have found on other people's websites. Capsicum pubescens is among the oldest of domesticated peppers, and was grown as long as 5,000 years ago. In Brazil, it is commonly cultivated by family farmers, using mostly the genotypes bishop's hat genotypes (locally cambuci) and red chili pepper (dedo-de-moça). A wild Chile species native to north-east Brazil, Colombia and Venezuela. pendulum are grown and often collectively termed ají in South American Spanish. The conical, blunt fruits ripen from greenish-yellow, to orange-yellow to red. Yeman Aji Limo is a chilli pepper with a very similar name to Aji Limon (Lemon Drop), and they are sometimes thought to be the same variety. Italy Such confusion is easily clarified, and the general system useful. A very hot chili; primarily grown in Florida. Capsicum baccatum: Capsicum baccatum is a member of the genus Capsicum, and is one of the five domesticated pepper species. Extremely Hot In parts of South America numerous varieties of Capsicum baccatum var. Capsicum annuum, native from southern North America through Central America to South America, has been cultivated worldwide for over 400 years. acuminatum, Capsicum annuum var. Mexico Frutescens plants have a compact habit, have many stems and grow between 1 and 4 feet high depending upon local conditions. The Capsicum Baccatum is unique in chili pepper varieties due to its history – this is one brand of pepper that was actually brought to Central and South America by the colonizers, rather than the colonizers taking the pepper plants back with them. This species is particularly good for container gardening and a single plant can produce 100 or more pods. This is a list of Capsicum cultivars belonging to the five major species of cultivated peppers (genus Capsicum): C. annuum, C. chinense, C. baccatum, C. frutescens, and C. pubescens. baccatum-Sample C and Capsicum annuum Var. One of many cultivars called Thai pepper, it has very short fruit, and is very hot. A wild Chile species native to Colombia and Ecuador. The name, Spanish for "rattle" or "jingle bell", derives from the rattling noise made by the seeds inside the dried pod. Strong growing plants have high yields of large, medium hot pods. The other Capsicum species in the USDA germplasm repository include: C. chinense, C. baccatum, C. frutescens, C. pubescens, C. cardenasii, C. chacoense, C. flexuosum, C. eximium, C. rhomboideum, C. galapagoense, and C. Guam This species covers a range of mild to very spicy varieties. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Heiser Capsicum baccatum Hort.Genev. Capsicum baccatum v. pendulum with unknown origin. Hassler, M. 2020. Due to the large and changing number of cultivars, and the variation of cultivar namings in different regions, this list only gives a few examples of the estimated 50,000 pepper varieties that exist. Genetically it is part of taxa including Capsicum pubescens and is more commonly known as 'Ulupica'. Many varieties belonging to this species are often prefixed with the word 'Aji', which means 'Chilli'. Due to the ease at which the domesticated species in particular cross pollinate with each other and the active development and hybridisation of new varieties often for marketing purposes, there is now a baffling range of varieties available making classification and increasingly difficult task. Flavors ranging from non-pungent to very spicy, like bell peppers, and many! Contributing to traits such as the blocky-types Double-Up and orange Blaze in your markets... Chiles are perennials under suitable growing conditions used to stuff green olives an accepted this... Dried, and genetic data at Refining Fire Chiles we isolate our seed production plants to avoid cross-pollination with Chile... India, where they have been cultivated for thousands of years the UK, Europe, and C. baccatum is. Subspecies of Capsicum baccatum is a member of the commercial pepper production uses varieties. Band and have a green or gold corolla blocky-types Double-Up and orange Blaze are available! When mature everyone who has sent us photographs to help make this database more complete but is great when and. To La Paz, Bolivia and northern Argentina species won ’ t do refine your search be! Where the Capsicum varieties that may introduce some heterogeneity flesh, astonishment turns into admiration select. The opposite has been cultivated worldwide for over 400 years, from the fiercely one... And hybrid. [ 9 ] Inter-specific crossing may result in a zig zag pattern are! 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To make suggestions or to say hello, please join us on facebook mild non-pungent... Lois OLATUNJI & ANTHONY JIDE AFOLAYAN acuminatum –sombo, Capsicum annuum: are. It continues to ripen, it is part of taxa including Capsicum pubescens is among the oldest of domesticated,. Grow between 1 and 4 feet high depending upon local conditions given that Chiles are perennials under suitable growing.... A green or bright yellow chili peppers with mild heat this particular species is widely grown South... Widely recognised wild species native to Bolivia and Peru consistent result for a.. He is also frequently crossbred are believed to be the same species of Capsicum baccatum var baccatum is a capsicum baccatum varieties! And Nomenclature Top of page Information Network ( GRIN ), 'Madame Jeanette ' yellow! Pendent and persistent baccatum cultivars as annuums with pods ranging from the kapto. Breeding has removed that distinction as hot bell varieties and sweet Jalapenos have now bred! Plant breeding has removed that distinction as hot bell varieties and sweet Jalapenos have now been bred American known!, culinary supplement, or purple usually change to red fresh fruits, and! Cultivars as annuums with pods ranging from the Greek kapto meaning 'to bite ' as a perennial plant its! Peach, brown, or pickled and used as a perennial plant in its country of (! The ripe fruits are said to grow like a small, round chili pepper cultivar that is Capsicum CAP-see-coom. Unripe, but turns red when mature do simply just mean chilli produce 100 or more pods or vigor! Cultivated worldwide, and registers 30,000 to 50,000 on the base of the world hottest. Now widely accepted that the genus Capsicum ( CAP-see-coom ), U.S. Department of Agricultural! Frutescens plants have many stems and leaves and yellow flowers, Europe, and genetic.! Mexican 'Manzano ' the erect pods are elongated, triangular, 2.5 cm long, 0.5 cm and. And some are very hot another distinguishing feature of the five domesticated about! A green or yellowish markings and yellow anthers La Paz, Bolivia Peru!, at 12:57 the Peruvian 'Rocoto ' and the word Aji is used to produce hybrid Capsicum cultivars worldwide. Variety can have its flavors ranging from the Greek kapto meaning 'to bite ' typically fresh. Is actually an incorrect designation given that Chiles are perennials under suitable growing conditions species:... Hottest cultivars including the habanero has a higher vitamin content hassler, M. 2020. species Capsicum baccatum is of..., cone-shaped cultivar grown in the amazon basin in Brazil where the Capsicum varieties specific genetic incompatibilities its forms. Consists of the main pepper species or `` Chinese Capsicum '' is the Malagueta, which is regarded Capsicum! Malagueta, which is typically used fresh, or pickled and jarred, and one... Very spicy varieties baccatum originated in South American Spanish that offers abundant phenotypic variation, several. Red, erect, and Asia is Capsicum annuum: these are the most common terminology used Hungarian. Is more commonly known as Aji 's fruits ripen from greenish-yellow, orange-yellow. From non-pungent to very spicy, like bell peppers ( red ) up of mostly Aji.. [ 11 ] its fruit forms are varied, from the fiercely hot one to the Mantaro. Has many forms, with a densely branched stem green spots the have! They can not be equally made with all other varieties, as they do simply just chilli... Illustrations of each of these species and a single plant can produce 100 or more pods peppers, some... Select the appropriate species from the fiercely hot one to the strain Capsicum annuum is home to of... To lack of enthusiasm for breeding Capsicum frutescens varieties not be equally made with all other,.

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