“Preferred” listings, or those with featured website buttons, indicate YP advertisers who directly provide information about their businesses to help consumers make more informed buying decisions. Mauna Loa erupted and headed toward Hilo, stopping before hitting it. American missionaries arrived in Hilo.  They taught reading and writing to the Hawaiians. Hilo has a lot to offer in the arts and culture. Lyman Museum and Missionary House is in a 1839 missionary home in Hilo, The house has been maintained as close to possible as it was when the Lyman's lived in it and regular tours take you through the house. The strike was defeated. Honpa Hongawnji Hilo Betsuin The Mahele of 1848 divided the land between the King, the nobles (ali’i) and the people and for the first time permitted private ownership of the land. Hamakua Sugar Company was formed as a consolidation of 7 original plantations: Hamakua Mill Company, Honokaa Sugar, Kaiwiki Sugar, Kukaiau Plantation Co., Laupahoehoe Sugar, Paauhau Sugar Plantation and Pacific Sugar Mill. If your organization is not listed in our directory, all you need to do is fill out a simple form. Central Christian Church. They inhabited Hilo Bay establishing farms and fishing communities. Initial efforts failed, but the knowledge of how to refine and make money from sugar came from Chinese in Hawaii. According to the 1940 census there were 126,000 Japanese-Americans in the mainland U.S., 67% of whom were U.S. citizens by birth. 2020 Hawaiian History Calendar – available for sale . As such, competition between Matson and other water carriers was limited, violating anti-merger and restraint-of-trade laws, the feds said.   The lawsuit was settled under a consent decree that barred the four companies from sharing officers, executives and directors. In addition to controlling Hawaii's sugar industry, A&B, Amfac, C. Brewer and Castle & Cooke together owned nearly three-quarters of Matson, and Matson carried 80 percent of all cargo shipped between the mainland and Hawaii. The Historic Palace Theater in downtown Hilo was originally built in 1925 and considered the grandest outer Island movie hall in Hawaii. The workday was long, the labor exhausting, and, both on the job and off, the workers' lives were strictly controlled by the plantation owners. YP - The Real Yellow PagesSM - helps you find the right local businesses to meet your specific needs. Didn't find what you were looking for? Online Historical References for Hawaii A&B acquired 94 percent of Matson, buying out the other three firms for $22 million. Upcoming Events Citizens at Last: Hannah Ambler, Grace Schenck and the Vote. The result was that land ownership started transferring to European and American planters. Coffee Farm Open Mondays through Fridays from 10 am – 2 pm (808) 323-2006 It is important to know our history and where we come from. Japanese and Filipino labor leaders staged a strike on Oahu. Lovecraft. The Hawaiian Historical Society It was closed in 1982, but purchased in 1990 and refurbished with private, state and county funding, finally opening in 1998. Hawaii sugar planters preferred to import Filipino labor for several reasons. Hula is very different from most dancing where you sit passively and watch. The museum has a large collection of rocks, minerals and shells. Through the History Club students have participated in community activities such as Toys for Tots and food bank drives, excursions to historic sites, and film nights. In Laupahoehoe Point waves destroyed teacher’s residences and flooded school grounds, killing 25 students and teachers.Â, The Department of Justice sued to challenge the majority ownership of Matson Navigation by four of the Big 5. Improvements have continued since its opening and the theater has a steady calendar of events and movies. Check out the best museums in Hilo to visit in 2021. The Stoneham Historical Society's inaugural Field Trip series was recently launched with a small group of members and guests enjoying a VIP tour of the Commonwealth Museum at 220 Morrissey Blvd in Boston - adjacent to the JFK Library. In March 1946  Hanomu Sugar Co. merged with Pepeekeo, but Pepeekeo Sugar showed a loss of $141,430, the first loss in 10 years. Hawaii History Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Broome County Historical Society had to change their monthly meetings and programs from in-person to online. Lovecraft Historical Society is an international organization for fans of the author H.P.  The companies cooperated to keep prices of their products high and the extent of power that they enjoyed was considered by some as equivalent to an oligarchy. These are extraordinary times, and our lives have been forever changed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. C. Brewer & Co (later known as one of Hawaii’s Big 5) is founded by Captain James Hunnewell originally to trade sandalwood with China.   Later Charles Brewer joined the company and focused on supplying whaling ships. Trade in sandalwood had completely collapsed and Hawaiian forests were exhausted through continuous pillaging of the forests without protecting the young trees. C. Brewer, was one of the state's largest agricultural companies and moved its offices to a former sugar mill on a 10.34-acre site at Wainaku Point, overlooking Hilo Bay.Â. When the town was rebuilt, a large park and roadway were situated between the buildings and the shoreline to absorb future tidal waves. Theo H Davies & Co (later known as one of Hawaii’s Big 5) was founded by two Englishmen originally as a small trading company called Starkey, Janion & Co.  Davies took control in 1881 and added sugar plantations to the company interests. The theater has an enormous organ that is played in many of their events. Wailoa Center. YP, the YP logo and all other YP marks contained herein are trademarks of YP LLC and/or YP affiliated companies.  The company was later to become the foundation of Amfac, later known as one of Hawaii’s Big 5). The theater has an enormous organ that is played in many of their events. The Hawaiian Sugar cane plantations lobbied the U.S. Congress and were able to gain exemption from the law which guaranteed a steady Filipino labor supply until the onset of World War II. The warehouse could store 24,000 bags of sugar, which were loaded onto interisland steamers by steel cables from the sea cliff. Merrie Monarch is the largest event in Hilo, but the East Hawaii Cultural Center, Palace Theater, Lyman's Museum, and UH Performng Center have events year round. 81-6551 Mamalahoa Highway (Hwy 11) Greenwell Store Open Mondays and Thursdays from 10 am – 2 pm (808) 323-3222. Dissolved and its File Number is 102104 D2. The British blockaded Hawaii for 2 years as a result of the War of 1812. Subaru Telescope. Hilo, HI 96720 5. From Business: Hāwea Waipi'o Valley Adventure is a Hawaiian Cultural and educational experience. Willie Shipman bought a mansion in Hilo, where his wife, Mary, had guests that included Lili’uokalani, the last queen of Hawaii and the famous author Jack London. December 7, the Japanese empire attacked Pearl Harbor. Pepeekeo Sugar merged with Mauna Kea Sugar to form Mauna Kea Sugar Co., Inc., the state's fourth largest sugar company with 18,000 acres of cane. Many were subsequently transferred to mainland camps. Greenwell Store Museum and Kona Coffee Living History Farm. During the California gold rush, whaling vessels showed up in Hilo to stock up with fresh water and supplies.  As many as 50 to 100 ships were docked in Hilo at a time.  The fleets eventually stopped coming to Hilo after the Civil war due to being mostly destroyed by confederate ships. The people are very down to earth, preferring T-shirts over touristy Aloha-style. Helen Wong Smith was elected HHS president on May 9 in Honolulu, and Ian Birnie resumes his position as vice president after a year-long hiatus. Book effortlessly online with Tripadvisor! T.H. Indigenous Hawaiians made up 97% of the islands population. Native Hawaiians and Polynesians have called the island of Hawaii their home for a long time; most references say since 1100.   Chinese, Japanese, Filipinos, Koreans, and Portuguese in Hilo were recruited long before Hawaii was a State or even a territory of the United States as contract workers on sugarcane plantations. Shipman House history Great Depression.   As a result of the Depression, 7,300 workers were repatriated to the Philippines. Wainaku, Hakalau, Pepeekeo, and Papaikou sugar companies were consolidated in a processing cooperative that also included independent cane growers. The company's mailing address is P O Box 6971, Hilo, HI 96720. In the 1930s, Filipinos had replaced the Japanese as the largest ethnic group of workers in the plantations. THE HAWAIIAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY, established in 1892, is a private non-profit organization created by a group of prominent citizens dedicated to preserving historical materials, presenting public lectures, and publishing scholarly research on the history of Hawai’i. Castle &Cook (later known as one of  Hawaii’s Big 5) was incorporated as a department store that sold farm tools, sewing equipment and medicine.  Castle and Cook started investing in Hawaii’s sugar industry running plantations in Kohala and Haiku and became one the Hawaii’s Big 5 Territorial companies..  Later it invested in Matson Navigation Company along with three other companies in Hawaii and invested in Hawaiian Pineapple Company later renamed Dole Food Company. The eruption has also added more than 280 acres of new land to Hawai'i island and continues today to change the shape of the coastline, General Lyman Field airport is changed to Hilo International Airport (ITO). On August 21, 1959 Hawaii became the 50th State of the United States by proclamation of Dwight D. Eisenhower.   The 50 star flag became the 27th flag of the US on July 4, 1960. Lava originating from a central lava lake (Kupaianaha) flowed to the ocean through a network of lava tubes. 'A'a lava flows built an 800-foot cinder cone at Pu'u 'O'o. Due to the destruction and loss of life in 1946, a territory wide Tsunami Warning system was installed in 1948.  This system successfully warned of a 1952 and 1957 tsunami.Â. Hilo had a wide beach and another row of downtown storefronts and railroad tracks that brought sugar to the wharves that reached from town into the bay. The 2020 Hawaiian Historic In Hawaii fewer than 1,800 Japanese Americans were taken into custody compared to the 100,000 on the mainland. During the height of the Depression, labor problems over low pay and poor working conditions resulted in the Hilo Longshoremen striking against the inter-island Steamship Navigation Co.  On July 22, some 250 strikers, supporters and family members marched down Kuhio road to the wharf.  Seeing the crowd, the policed used tear gas and in the resulting panic shot and bayoneted 51 of the Hilo townsmen.  Though no one was killed, the incident has come to be known as the Hilo Massacre. The museum, next to the house, showcases the natural and cultural history of Hawaii. A “Gentlemen’s Agreement” was drawn up between the US and Japan and the Japanese immigrants to Hawaii were stopped.  With the passage of the Immigration Act in 1924, Japanese were excluded from immigration to the US, The Great Strike occurred by Japanese laborers in Oahu who demanded higher wages and an end to the discriminatory wage differential based on ethnicity. Hilo has suffered earthquakes, lava flows and tsunamis, some of them devastating.  After major disasters, many Hilo residents left not able to deal with having to rebuild the town. Search results are sorted by a combination of factors to give you a set of choices in response to your search criteria. The State Historical Society of Iowa has been a trustee of Iowa’s historical legacy since 1857. An industry-wide strike, higher labor costs, unfavorable weather, and the April tidal wave that destroyed the railroad and terminals in Hilo added to the problems of 1946. See reviews, photos, directions, phone numbers and more for Historical Society locations in Hilo, HI. The military ruled Hawaii until October 24, 1944. The Pepeekeo Sugar Company’s crop was estimated at 1800 tons and the factory was constructed of corrugated iron buildings with machinery manufactured by Honolulu Iron Works. The center has 3 art galleries and 2 theaters. The Box Hill Historical Society is affiliated with the Royal Historical Society of Victoria and is a member of the Association of Eastern Historical Societies. The eruption began with 47 episodes of spectacular high fountains, most lasting a day or less and occurring at 3-4 week intervals. Hula is inclusive, the audience participates, young and old, women and men, everyone is a part of it. Chinese immigrants are credited with being the first in Hawaii to refine sugar. Silent Hill Historical Society. EAST HAWAII HISTORICAL SOCIETY. The sugar mills at Wainaku and Hakalau were closed and the Pepeekeo mill was modernized to double its capacity. It was closed in 1982, but purchased in 1990 and refurbished with private, state and county funding, finally opening in 1998. By 1923 indigenous Hawaiians population had dwindled to 16%.  The largest percentage of Hawaii’s population was Japanese. Find 52 listings related to Historical Society in Hilo on YP.com. Steeped in history, this region has played host to exploration, revolution, and industry. Kamehameha III created the first Hawaiian constitution subjected Kamehameha and his heirs to the law.  It established a house of nobles and an elected house of representatives. The Merrie Monarch festival was formed in Hilo to preserve the art of hula.  The festival is named after King Dave Kalakaua. Kamehameha the Great completed the unification of Hawaii beginning the transformation from a feudal society to a constitutional monarchy. Homesteaders near Hilo were using 625 acres to grow cane that was processed at the Pepeekeo Sugar Company mill.  Eucalyptus trees were planted as windbreaks, protecting the fields near the ohia forests.   The Waiaama stream and Kauku Hill provided water and turned a water wheel to generate power. Search Collections Search a wealth of records and images from MNHS collections. The Japanese-Americans workers were crucial to the sugar and pineapple plantations.  The 1800 interned Hawaiian Japanese-Americans were prominent in the community or otherwise thought to be some sort of risk. Whether you're conducting research online or using the History Center's renowned Gale Family Library, these essential tools, materials and services will provide information and guidance. Below is a list of current volunteer opportunities, most of … Ground was broken for a new “modern” terminal at Hilo’s General Lyman Field.  At the time the airport was a small airfield serving Honolulu and Maui. Discover the past of Hilo on historical maps. To counter the strike, Filipinos were recruited to replace the vacated jobs. Unlike many Hawaiian cities, Hilo has never experienced huge tourist draws, which means it has stayed true to the state’s pre-World War II persona and is home to plantation-style architecture and historic storefronts. Davies exited the sugar business in 1984 by selling Hamakua Sugar Co. to one of its executives. The families that remained in Hilo through 200 years of travails, in some cases rebuilding the town multiple times, have a special connection to town and surrounding land.  They are tough people that have withstood many hardships and prevailed. The Territory of Hawaii was created on July 7, 1898 when congress passed the Newlands Resolution.  Contract labor was forbidden and children born on the island were American citizens. The Society produces motion pictures, audio dramas, musical projects, publications, prop replicas and much more - all of which take Lovecraft’s creations to a whole new level. The Morgan Hill Historical Society and Museum recognize the importance of capturing this history and would like to ask the communities of Morgan Hill, Coyote, Madrone and San Martin to help us document community experiences and preserve them for future generations. The Tydings-McDuffie Law was passed creating the Philippine Commonwealth, a ten year transition government prior to Philippine independence. Hilo soon became a stopping place for whaling ships, traders, and explorers curious about the active volcanoes. The Tsunami Warning system had been established for over 10 years and residents stopped taking the warnings as seriously.  On May 23, 1960, Hilo was hit with another tidal wave that left 537 buildings in ruins and 61 dead despite the warning system. From Business: This 182-acre park contains the Puuhonua, a sacred place of refuge, as well as other temples and coastal sites. The company has 10 principals on record. History of Mauna Loa Eruptions, Honolulu Star Bulletin "Businesses that built Hawaii, Article on C Brewers & Co relocation to Hilo, The Seattle Times, “A little Hilo history”, Hawaii Plantation & Industrial Museum Hilo. King Kamehameha V granted a charter for the “First Foreign Church of Hilo” in 1868 (now First United Protestant Church). Hilo, HI 96720 2. The Wilton Historical Society Museum is currently closed to visitors. "After crossing tiny one-lane wooden bridges above picturesque waterfalls and lush river valleys with sunlight peeping through the dense foliage, lighting to brilliant the myriad hues of green." Feb 17, 2021 - Looking to get inspired on your trip to Hilo? Davies & Co. served as agents from 1892 to 1904, when C. Brewer & Co. purchased control. Old maps of Hilo on Old Maps Online. At its peak Amfac owned 60,000 acres of land and was a dominate sugar company and founder of Liberty House department stores. Five 18th and 19th century buildings, 12 period rooms, exhibitions and a Colonial herb garden. Kamehameha bought the ship Columbia for the price of two ships of sandalwood. Honolulu Star Bulletin "Businesses that built Hawaii" Membership of the society offers many benefits, as well as helping to preserve and maintain our local history. Many returned to their country due to harsh working conditions in the sugar cane fields or fled to the west coast of the US. My research focuses on Shinmachi but is not limited to that area. Upstairs is a history of the Polynesians and Hawaiians and many artifacts. All events are free and open to the public. Suggest a Site. A 2-3 hour adventure will immerse you into Hawaiian history, protocols and…, From Business: Classic Rock Face Block is a manufacturer of historic concrete rock face block. Kona Historical Society H.N. Hawaii Plantation & Industrial Museum Hilo Castle & Cooke began to face financial troubles and merged with Flexi-Van corp, a transportation leasing company.  In 1991 the company was renamed to Dole Food Company and in 1995 Dole Food Company was purchased by David Murdock who has converted pineapple plantations to exclusive resorts, particularly on Lanai, where he owns about 95% of the island. Most Japanese immigrants were put to work chopping and weeding sugar cane on vast plantations, many of which were far larger than any single village in Japan. Hilo, HI 96720 3. The Hawaiian Monarchy is overthrown precipitated by Queen Lili’uokalani’s proposed new constitution to restore power for the monarchy to appoint the house of nobles and veto constitutional amendments. A Longshore strike lasted 6 months and crippled the Territory of Hawaii’s economy. In addition to the three days of hula competition, there are hula demonstrations all week long, a traditional Hawaiian crafts fair, a huge Merrie Monarch Parade, and a festival. Pacific Tsunami Museum Inc. Hilo, HI 96720 4. The Filipino History site The mainlander's self-important swagger, loud cell phone talking, or rude behavior is met with a cold-shoulder in Hilo unlike other parts of Hawaii where tourist behaviors are tolerated. A small parish school of 42 students was established in Hilo for the purpose of teaching English to native Hawaiians.  The school was named St. Joseph. Pepeekeo Sugar Company ceased operations.  Continental Pacific LLC, based in Florida purchased the property and created individual parcels for sale. The strike ended after a six month standoff by which time the workers received increased wages, abolishment of wage differentials, and changes in the bonus system. Many of these programs are free to visitors and students, thanks to our thriving community of members. The majority of newcomers leave Hilo within five years after becoming frustrated with cultural differences or finding separation from family problematic.   Though reluctant to embrace new people, who will most likely move away, the people of Hilo simultaneously desire new energy, ideas, friends, and financial resources added to their community. Historical data and primary source materials were taken into custody compared to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Big Island opportunities. Find inaccuracies or missing events let me know at hiloliving @ yahoo.com Museum has a lot to offer the... Bill, establishing both Kilauea and Haleakala areas as park lands PagesSM helps. Who made up 70 % of the forests without protecting the young trees restricted to... Were Living in the plantations farms and fishing communities Society offers many benefits, well! 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